Peer-reviewed journal articles
Hill H, ,Mittal R, Merlin T 2022. 'Evidence-based funding of new imaging applications and technologies by medicare in Australia: How it happens and how it can be improved'. Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation oncology, 66, 215-224.
Roughead E, Pratt N, Parfitt G,Merlin T, Schubert C, Lim R 2022. 'Effect of an ongoing pharmacist service to reduce medicine-induced deterioration and adverse reactions in aged-care facilities (nursing homes): a multicentre, randomised controlled trial (the ReMInDAR trial)'. Age and Ageing, 51(4), 9 pages.
Hillock N, Merlin T, Turnidge J, Karnon J 2022 'Modelling the future clinical and economic burden of antimicrobial resistance: The feasibility and value of models to inform policy' .Applied Health Economics and Health Policy.
McGee A, Carter D, 2021. 'The Equivalence Thesis and the Last Ventilator'. Journal of Applied Philosophy.
Haji Ali Afzali H, Street J, Merlin T, Karnon J, 2021. 'The representation of public values in health technology assessment to inform funding decisions: The case of Australia's national funding bodies'. International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care, 37(1), 4 pages.
Laka M, Milazzo A, Merlin T, 2021. 'Factors that impact the adoption of clinical decision support systems (Cdss) for antibiotic management'. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18(4), 1-14.
Lambert R, Burgess N, Hillock N, Gailer, J, Hissaria P, Merlin T et al. 2021. 'South Australian Medicines Evaluation Panel in review: Providing evidence-based guidance on the use of high-cost medicines in the South Australian public health system. Australian Health Review, 45(2), 207-213.
Laka M, Milazzo A, Merlin T, 2021. 'Inappropriate antibiotic prescribing: Understanding clinicans' perceptions to enable change in prescribing practices'. Australian Health Review, 46(1), 21-27.
Baghbanian A, Merlin T, Carter D, Wang S. 2020. 'Methods for the Health Technology Assessment of Complex Interventions: A Protocol for a Scoping Review'. BMJ Open, Nov 2020;10:e039263.
Werko S, Merlin T, Lambert L, Fennessy P, Galan A, Schuller T. 2020. 'Demonstrating the influence of HTA: INAHTA member stories of HTA impact', International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care, 1-6.
Lambert R, Burgess N, Hillock N, Gailer J, Hissaria P, Merlin T, Pearson C, Reddi B, Ward M, Hill C. 2020. 'South Australian Medicines Evaluation Panel in review: providing evidence-based guidance on the use of high cost medicines in the SA public health system', Australian Health Review, 45(2), 207-213.
Gough D, Davies P, Jamtvedt G, et al 2020. 'Evidence Synthesis International (ESI): Position Statement. Systematic Reviews, vol. 9, 155.
Lopes E, Street J, Carter D, Merlin T, Stafinski T. 2020. 'Understanding Canadian Health Technology Assessment through a systems lens', Health Policy, 124(9), 952-958.
Hillock N, Merlin T, Karnon J, Turnidge J, Eliott J. 2020. 'Value assessment of antimicrobials and the implications for sustainable development, access and funding of effective treatments: Australian stakeholder perspective', International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care, 37 (28), 1–7.
Moshi M, Tooher R & Merlin TL. 2020. 'Development of a health technology assessment module for evaluating mobile medical applications', International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care, 36(3), 252-261.
Lopes E, Street J, Carter D, Merlin T, Stafinski T. 2020. 'The rationale and design of public involvement in health funding decision making: Focus groups with the Canadian public', International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care, 36, 592-598.
O’Rourke B, Oortwijn W, Schuller T, the International Joint Task Group. 2020. 'The new definition of health technology assessment: a milestone in international collaboration', International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care, 36(3), 187-90.
Lim R, Bereznicki L, Corlis M, Kalisch Ellett LM, Kang AC, Merlin T, Parfitt G, Pratt NL, Rowett D, Torode S, Whitehouse J, Andrade A, Bilton R, Cousins J, Kelly L, Schubert C, Williams M, Roughead, EE. 2020. 'Reducing medicine-induced deterioration and adverse reactions (ReMInDAR) trial: study protocol for a randomised controlled trial in residential aged-care facilities assessing frailty as the primary outcome', BMJ Open, Apr 22;10(4):e032851.
Laka M, Milazzo A, Merlin T. 2020. 'Can evidence-based decision support tools transform antibiotic management? A systematic review of meta-analyses'. Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy 2020, 75, 1099-1111.
Hillock N, Karnon J, Turnidge J, Merlin T. 2020. 'Estimating the utilisation of unregistered antimicrobials in Australia'. Infection, Disease and Health; 25(2), 82-91.
Kessels S, Carter D, Ellery B, Newton S, Merlin T. 2020. 'Prenatal genetic testing for cystic fibrosis: a systematic review of clinical effectiveness and an ethics review'. Genetics in Medicine, 22 (2), 258-267.
Hillock N, turnidge J, Karnon J, Merlin TL. 2020. 'Clinical indications treated with unregistered antimicrobials: regulatory challenges of antimicrobial resistance and access to effective treatment for patients'. Australian Health Review, 44, 263-269.
Moshi M, Parsons J, Tooher R, Merlin T. 2019. 'Evaluation of Mobile Health Applications: Is Regulatory Policy Up to the Challenge?'. International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care, 35 (4), 351-360.
O'Rourke B, Werko S, Merlin T, Huang L, Schuller T. 2019. 'The 'Top 10' Challenges for Health Technology Assessment: INAHTA Viewpoint'. International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care, 36,1-4.
Wurcel V, Cicchetti A, Garrison L, Kip M, Koffijberg H, Kolbe A, Leeflang M, Merlin T, Mestre-Ferrandiz J, Oortwijn W, oosterwijk C, Tunis S, Zamora B. 2019. 'The Value of diagnostics information in personalised health care: A comprehensive concept to facilitate bringing this technology into healthcare systems'. Public Health Genomics, 22( 1-2), 8-15.
Carter D, Merlin T, Hunter D. 2019. 'An ethical analysis of coverage with evidence development'. Value in Health, 22(8), 2878-883.
Merlin T. 2018 'Decisions in health technology assessment: should we speak with one voice?'. Health Research Policies and Systems. 16:108. (commentary)
Moshi MR, Tooher R, Merlin T. 2018 'Suitability of current evaluation frameworks for use in the health technology assessment of mobile medical applications: a systematic review'. International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care.
Milverton J, Newton S, Merlin T. 2018 'The effectiveness of enzyme replacement therapy for juvenile-onset Pompe disease: a systematic review'. Journal of Inherited Metabolic Disease. June 2018. pp. 1-8.
Lambert R, Carter DA, Burgess N, Hajiali Afzali H. 2018 'The development of funding recommendations for health technologies at the state level: a South Australian case study'. The International Journal of Health Planning and Management. April 2018. 33(4): 806-822
Gupta A, Smithers L, Harford J, Merlin T, Braunack-Mayer A. 2018 'Determinants of knowledge and attitudes about sugar and the association of knowledge and attitudes with sugar intake among adults: A systematic review'. Appetite, vol. 126, pp. 185-194.
Wang S, Gum D, Merlin TL. 2018 'Comparing the ICERs in medicine reimbursement submissions to NICE and PBAC – does the presence of an explicit threshold affect the ICER proposed?'. Value in Health.
Robinson M F, Mihalopoulos C, Merlin T, Roughead E. 2018 'Characteristics of Managed Entry Agreements in Australia'. International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care, pp. 1-10.
Kip MMA, Ijzerman MJ, Henriksson M, Merlin T, Weinstein MC, Phelps C, Krusters R, Koffiberg H. 2018. 'Towards alignment in the reporting of economic evaluations of diagnostic tests and biomarkers: the AGREEDT checklist'. Medical Decision Making,vol. 38, no. 7, p. 778-788.
Yelland L, Sullivan T, Collins C, Price D, Mcphee A, & Lee K. 2018. 'Accounting for twin births in sample size calculations for randomised trials'. Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology.
Varghese V, Smitham P, Howell S, Edwards S, Rickman M. 2018. 'POWIFF- Prospective study of wrist internal fixation of fracture: A protocol for a single centre, superiority, randomised controlled trial to study the efficacy of the VRP (2.0) distal radius plate (Austofix) versus the VA-LCP (Depuy-Synthes) for distal radius fractures'. BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders. vol. 19, issue 1, 7 pages.
Plevin D, Jureidini J, Howell S, Smith N. 2018. 'Paediatric antiepileptic polytherapy: systematic review of efficacy and neurobehavioural effects and a tertiary centre experience'. Acta paediatrica. (Oslo, Norway : 1992).
Sidharta SL, Baillie TJ, Howell S, Nicholls SJ, Montarello N, Honda S, Shisikura D, Delacroix S, Kim S, Beltrame JF, Psaltis PJ, Worthley SG, Worthley MI. 2018. 'Evaluation of human coronary vasodilator function predicts future coronary atheroma progression'. Heart (British Cardiac Society).
Dodd JM, Deussen AR, Louise J. 2018. 'Optimising gestational weight gain and improving maternal and infant health outcomes through antenatal dietary, lifestyle and physical activity advice: the OPTIMISE randomised controlled trial protocol'. BMJ Open, vol. 8, issue 2. e019583.
Kadam V, Howell S. 2018. 'Unrestricted and restricted access to sugammadex and side effect profile in a teaching hospital centre for year 2014- Database audit study'. Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine. vol. 8, issue 1.
Dodd J, McPhee A, Deussen A, Louise J, Yelland L, Owens J, Robinson J. 2018. 'Effects of an antenatal dietary intervention in overweight and obese women on 6 month infant outcomes: follow-up from the LIMIT randomised trial'. International Journal of Obesity. pp. 1-10.
Gupta AD, Chu WH, Howell S, Chakraborty S, Koblar S, Visvanathan R, Cameron I, Wilson D. 2018. 'A systematic review: efficacy of botulinum toxin in walking and quality of life in post-stroke lower limb spasticity'. Systematic Reviews. vol. 7, issue 1, pp. 1.
Wiggins B, Corsini N, Ramsey I, Edwards S, Ball D, Cocks L, Lill J, Sharplin G, Wilson C. 2018. 'An evaluation of social work services in a cancer accommodation facility for rural South Australians'. Supportive Care in Cancer. vol. 26, issue 1, pp. 147-154.
Zhou S, Greco R, Grivell R, Louise J, Deussen A, Dodd J, Moran L. 2018. 'Awareness of Listeriosis and Methylmercury toxicity public health recommendations and diet during pregnancy'. Women and Birth. pp. 1-6.
Dodd J, Louise J, Cramp C, Grivell R, Moran L, Deussen A. 2018. 'Evaluation of a smartphone nutrition and physical activity application to provide lifestyle advice to pregnant women: the SNAPP randomised trial'. Maternal & Child Nutrition. vol. 14, issue 1, pp. 1-11.
Dodd J, Andersen C, Dickinson J, Louise J, Deussen A, Grivell R, Voto L, Kilby M, Windrim R, Ryan G. 2018. 'Fetal middle cerebral artery Doppler to time intrauterine transfusion in red-cell alloimmunization: A randomized trial'. Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology. issue 3, pp. 306-312.
Bryant R, Costello S, Schoeman S, Sathananthan D, Knight E, Lau S-Y, Schoeman M, Mountifield R, Tee D, Travis S, Andrews, J. 2018. 'Limited uptake of ulcerative colitis 'treat to target' recommendations in real-world practice'. Journal of gastroenterology and hepatology, vol. 33, issue 3, pp. 599-607.
Gatej S, Marino V, Bright R, Fitzsimmons T, Gully N, Zilm P, Gibson R, Edwards S, Bartold, P. 2018. 'Probiotic Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG prevents alveolar bone loss in a mouse model of experimental periodontitis'. Journal of Clinical Periodontology. vol. 45, issue 2, pp. 204-212.
Kao S, Frauenfelder C, Wong D, Edwards S, Krishnan S, Ooi E. 2018. 'Validity of the American College of Surgeons' National Surgical Quality Improvement Program risk calculator in South Australian glossectomy patients'. Journal of Laryngology and Otology. vol. 132, issue 2, pp. 173-179.
Gupta A, Smithers LG, Harford J, Merlin T, Braunack-Mayer A. 2017 'Associations between dietary sugar knowledge and attitudes with free sugar intake and practices: A systematic review'. Journal of Nutrition and Intermediary Metabolism, vol. 8, pp. 112.
Sisnowski J, Street J, Merlin T. 2017 'Improving Food Environments and Tackling Obesity: A Realist Systematic Review of the Policy Success of Regulatory Interventions Targeting Population Nutrition'. PLOS One, vol. 12, no. 8, e0182581.
Schubert C. 2017 'Regulatory and government funding agency consideration of monetary costs to the cancer patient'. Cancer Forum, vol. 41, no. 2.
Kessels SJM, Newton SS, Morona JK, Merlin TL. 2017 'Safety and efficacy of wireless pH monitoring in patients suspected of gastro-oesophageal reflux disease: A systematic review'. Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology. vol. 51, no. 9, pp. 777-788.
Merlin TL, Hiller JE, Ryan P. 2016 'Impact of the "linked evidence approach" method on policies to publicly fund diagnostic, staging and screening medical tests. Medical Decision Making Policy & Practice, vol. 1, pp. 1-12
Carter, D, Vogan A & Haji Ali Afazali, H, 2016 'Governments need better guidance to maximise value for money: The case of Australia's Pharmaceutical Benefits Advisory Committee'. Applied Health Economics and Health Policy, vol. 14, no. 4, pp. 401-407.
Lopes, E, Street, J, Carter, D & Merlin, T, 2015 'Involving patients in health technology funding decisions: stakeholder perspectives on processes used in Australia'. Health Expectations, vol. 19, no. 2, pp. 331-344.
Varker, T, Forbes, D, Dell, L, Weston, A, Merlin, T, Hodson, S, O'Donnell, ML, 2015 'Rapid evidence assessment: Increasing the transparency of an emerging methodology'. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice, vol. 21, no. 6, pp. 1199-1204.
Si, S, Moss, JR, Sullivan, TR, Newton, SS & Stocks, NP, 2014 'Effectiveness of general practice-based health checks: a systematic review and meta-analysis'. British Journal of General Practice, vol. 64, no. 618, pp. e47-e53.
Marciano, NJ, Merlin, TL, Bessen, T & Street, JM, 2014. 'To what extent are current guidelines for cutaneous melanoma follow up based on scientific evidence?', International Journal of Clinical Practice, vol 68, no. 6, pp. 761-770.
Merlin, T, Tamblyn, D & Ellery, B and the INAHTA Quality Assurance Group, 2014 'What's in a name? - Results of a survey to map the different HTA products of the International Network of Agencies for Health Technology Assessment (INAHTA)'. International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care, vol. 30, no. 4, pp.1-8.
Merlin, T. 2014 'The use of the 'linked evidence approach' to guide policy on the regulation and reimbursement of personalized medicines'. Personalized Medicine, vol 11, no.4, pp. 435-448.
Morona, J, Buckley, E, Jones, S, Reddin, E & Merlin, T, 2013 'Comparison of the clinical effectiveness of different off-loading devices for the treatment of neuropathic foot ulcers in patients with diabetes: a systematic review and meta-analysis'. Diabetes/Metabolism Research and Reviews, vol. 29, no.3, pp.183–193.
Smithers, L, Merlin, T & Lynch, J, 2013 'The impact of industry self-regulation on television marketing of unhealthy food and beverages to Australian children'. The Medical Journal of Australia, vol.199, no.3, pp. 148–149.
Merlin, T, Lehman, S, Hiller, J & Ryan, P, 2013 'The "linked evidence approach" to assess medical tests: a critical analysis'. International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care,vol. 29, no. 3, pp. 343-350.
Vreugdenburg, TD, Willis, CD, Mundy, L & Hiller, JE, 2013 'A systematic review of elastography, electrical impedance scanning, and digital infrared thermography for breast cancer screening and diagnosis'. Breast cancer research treatment, vol. 137, no. 3, pp. 665-676.
Smithers, LG, Lynch, JW & Merlin, T, 2013 'Industry self-regulation and TV advertising of foods to Australian children'. Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health, vol. 50, no. 5, pp. 386-392.
Merlin, T, Farah, C, Schubert, C, Mitchell, A, Hiller, JE & Ryan, P, 2013 'Assessing personalised medicines in Australia: A national framework for reviewing co-dependent technologies'. Medical Decision Making. vol. 33, no. 3, pp. 333-342.
Haji Ali Afzali, H, Karnon, J, Merlin & T, (2013) 'Improving the accuracy and comparability of model-based economic evaluations of health technologies for reimbursement decisions: A methodological framework for the development of reference models'. Medical Decision Making, vol. 33, no. 3, pp. 313-315.
Hillier S, Grimmer-Somers K, Merlin T, Salisbury J, Tooher R & Weston A, 2011 'FORM: An Australian method for grading recommendations in evidence-based clinical guidelines'. BMC Medical Research Methodology, vol.11, no. 23, pp. 11-23.
Mundy L, Hiller JE & Merlin TL, 2011 'Letter to the Editor - The true role of horizon scanning in Australia: Who it informs and why'. International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care, vol. 27, no. 1, pp. 95-98.
Watt AM, Elshaug AG, Willis CD & Hiller JE, and The ASTUTE Health Study Group, 2011 'Assisted reproductive technologies: a systematic review of safety and effectiveness to inform disinvestment policy. Health Policy, vol. 102, no. 2-3, pp. 200-213.
Willis CD, Elshaug AG, Milverton JL, Watt AM, Metz MP & Hiller JE, and The ASTUTE Health Study Group 2011 'Diagnostic performance of serum cobalamin tests: a systematic review and meta-analysis' Pathology, vol. 43, no. 5, pp. 472-481.
Elshaug, AG, Hiller, JE, Moss, JR, 2009 'Exploring policy makers' perspectives on a clinical controversy: airway surgery for adult obstructive sleep apnoea', Quality and Safety in Health Care, vol. 18, no. 5, pp. 397-401.
Wang S, Merlin T, Kreisz F, Craft P, Hiller JE, 2009 'Cost and cost-effectiveness of digital mammography compared with film-screen mammography in Australia'. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health, vol. 33, no. 5, pp. 430-436.
Elshaug AG, Moss JR, Littlejohns P, Karnon J, Merlin TL, Hiller JE, 2009 'Identifying existing health care services that do not provide value for money'. Medical Journal of Australia, vol. 190, no. 5,pp. 269-273.
Kreisz FP, Merlin T, Moss J, Atherton J, Hiller JE, Gericke CA, 2009 'The Pre-Test Risk Stratified Cost-Effectiveness of 64-Slice Computed Tomography Coronary Angiography in the Detection of Significant Obstructive Coronary Artery Disease in Patients Otherwise Referred to Invasive Coronary Angiography'. Heart and Lung Circulation, vol.18, no. 3, pp. 200-207.
Merlin T, Weston A, Tooher R, 2009 'Extending an evidence hierarchy to include topics other than treatment: revising the Australian 'levels of evidence'. BMC Medical Research Methodology, vol. 9, no.34.
Elshaug, AG, Hiller, JE & Moss, JR, 2008. 'Exploring Policymakers’ Perspectives on Disinvestment from Ineffective Health Care Practices'. International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care, vol. 24, no. 1, pp.1-9.
Elshaug, AG, Moss, JR, Hiller, JE & Maddern, GJ, 2008. 'Upper airway surgery should not be first line treatment for obstructive sleep apnoea in adults'. BMJ (British Medical Journal),vol. 336, no. 7634, pp. 44-45.
Elshaug, AG, Hiller, JE, Tunis, SR & Moss, JR, 2007. 'Challenges in Australian policy processes for disinvestment from existing, ineffective health care practices'. Australia and New Zealand Health Policy, vol. 4, no. 23.
Elshaug, AG, Moss, JR, Southcott, A & Hiller, JE, 2007. 'Redefining success in airway surgery for Obstructive Sleep Apnea: A meta analysis and synthesis of the evidence'. Sleep, vol. 30 no.4, pp. 461-467.
Elshaug, AG, Moss, JR, Southcott, A & Hiller, JE. 'An analysis of the evidence-practice continuum: Is surgery for Obstructive Sleep Apnoea contraindicated?'. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice,vol. 13, no.1, pp. 3-9.
Forbes, D, Creamer, M, Phelps, A, Bryant, R, McFarlane, A, Devilly, G, Matthews, L, Raphael, B, Merlin, T & Newton, S. 'The Australian guidelines for the treatment of adults with acute stress disorder (ASD) and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)'. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry. vol. 41, pp. 637-648.
Elshaug, AG, Moss, JR & Southcott, A, 2005. 'Implementation of a split-night protocol to improve efficiency in assessment and treatment of Obstructive Sleep Apnoea'. Internal Medicine Journal, vol. 35, no. 4, pp. 251-254.
Mundy, L, Merlin, T, Parrella, A, Babidge, WJ, Roberts, DE & Hiller, JE, 2005. 'The Australia and New Zealand Horizon Scanning Network'. Australian Health Review, vol. 29, pp. 395-397.
Mundy, L, Merlin, TL, Fitridge, RA & Hiller JE, 2005. 'Systematic review of endovenous laser treatment for varicose veins'. British Journal of Surgery, vol. 92, no. 10, pp. 1189-1194.
Hodgkinson, BC, Merlin, TL, Moss, JR & Hiller, JE, 2004. 'The effectiveness of intra-articular viscosupplementation for treatment of osteoarthritis of the knee: a systematic review'. Health Care Reports, vol. 2, no. 5, pp. 111-128.
Mundy, L, Merlin, TL, Maddern, GJ & Hiller, JE, 2004. 'Systematic review of safety and effectiveness of an artificial bowel sphincter for faecal incontinence'. British Journal of Surgery, vol. 91, pp. 665-672.
Parsons, JE, Merlin, TL, Taylor, JE, Wilkinson, D & Hiller, JE, 2003. 'Evidence-based practice in rural and remote clinical practice: where is the evidence?. Australian Journal of Rural Health, vol. 11, pp. 242-248.
Merlin, TL, Hiller, JE, Maddern, GJ, Jamieson, GG, Brown, AR & Kolbe, A, 2003. 'Systematic review of the safety and effectiveness of methods used to establish pneumoperitoneum in laparoscopic surgery'. British Journal of Surgery, vol. 90, no, 6, pp. 668-679.