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Professor Sandy McFarlane AO

Professor Sandy McFarlane AO

Professor Sandy McFarlane AO
Director CTSS
MBBS (Hons), MD, Dip. Psychother, FRANZCP

Currently the Director of The University of Adelaide's Centre for Traumatic Stress Studies, Professor McFarlane's area of particular specialty has been the effects of traumatic stress and is an international expert in the field of the impact of disasters and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD).

His research has focused on the epidemiology and longitudinal course of PTSD as well as the neuroimaging of the cognitive deficits in this disorder. He has published over 250 articles and chapters in various refereed journals and has co-edited three books.

In the medico-legal arena he has long standing experience, including writing a report for the United Nations about the Compensation Commission for the Iraqi occupation of Kuwait and has also been engaged by the Ministry of Defence in the United Kingdom in the matters relating to the Falkland Island, Gulf War and Northern Ireland Veterans. Professor McFarlane has acted as special advisor to the Department of Veterans' Affairs, including the Scientific Advisory committee examining the health and psychological status of Gulf War Veterans. A Past President of both the International Society for Traumatic Stress Studies and the Australasian Society for Traumatic Stress Studies, and a recipient of the Robert Laufer Award for outstanding scientific achievement in the field of traumatic stress. In 2008, I was awarded the Organon Senior Research Award of the RANZCP for the most outstanding contribution to psychiatric research in the last five years. Also the recipient of the Founders' Medal of the Australasian Society for Psychiatric Research awarded to individuals who have made a contribution of significance to psychiatric research over their entire career.

Publications

  1. Bookless CL, Clayer J, McFarlane ACPersonal Appraisal of the Experience of a Depressive Disorder. British Journal of Psychiatry 2001; 74: 399-412. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1348/000711201161064/full
  2. Clark CR, McFarlane AC, Morris P, Weber DL, Sonkkilla C, Marcina J, Tochon-Danguy HJ, Egan GF. Cortical network dysfunction in posttraumatic stress disorder. Neuroimage 2001; 13(6): S1038.
    http://dx.doi.org.proxy.library.adelaide.edu.au/10.1016/S1053-8119(01)92371-7

  3. Creamer M, Burgess PM, McFarlane ACPost Traumatic Stress Disorder: Findings from the Australian National Survey of Mental Health and Wellbeing. Psychological Medicine 2001; 31(7): 1237-1247.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0033291701004287

  4. Galletly C, Clark CR, McFarlane AC, Weber D. Working Memory in Posttraumatic Stress Disorder - An Event Related Potential Study. Journal of Traumatic Stress 2001; 14(2): 295-309.
    http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1023/A:1011112917797/abstract

  5. McFarlane AC. Comparing CIDI and clinical assessment. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry 2001; 35: 858-859 (Letter). 
    http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com.proxy.library.adelaide.edu.au/doi/10.1046/j.1440-1614.2001.0971h.x/full

  6. McFarlane ACDual Diagnosis and Treatment of PTSD. In: Wilson JP, Friedman MJ, Lindy JD, editors. Treating Psychological Trauma and PTSD. New York: Guilford Publications, 2001: 237-254.
    Dual Diagnosis and Treatment of PTSD

  7. McFarlane ACHow to Treat: Post Traumatic Stress Disorder. Australian Doctor 2001; 6: 1-8.

  8. McFarlane AC, Bookless C. The Effect of PTSD on Interpersonal Relationships: Issues for Emergency Service Workers. Sexual and Relationship Therapy 2001; 16(3): 261-267. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14681990124457

  9. McFarlane AC, Bookless CL, Air T. Post Traumatic Stress Disorder in a General Psychiatric Inpatient population. Journal of Traumatic Stress 2001; 14(4): 633-645. 
    http://link.springer.com/article/10.1023/A:1013077702520

  10. Moores KA, Clark CR, Brown GC, Taylor DJ, Puce A, Greenblatt RE, McFarlane ACComparing methods for cortically constrained source localisation. Neuroimage 2001; 13(6): S235.
    http://dx.doi.org.proxy.library.adelaide.edu.au/10.1016/S1053-8119(01)91549-6

  11. Clark CR, McFarlane A, Morris P, Weber D, Sonkkilla C, Marcina J, Tochon-Danguy HJ, Egan GF. Investigating the generators of the scalp P300 using cortically constrained source localisation. Neuroimage 2002; 15: S1038.

  12. Goldsworthy PD, McFarlane ACHoward Florey, Alexander Fleming and the Fairy Tale of penicillin. Medical Journal of Australia 2002; 176(4): 176-178. http://www.mja.com.au/public/issues/176_04_180202/gol10735.html

  13. McFarlane ACManaging the psychiatric morbidity of disasters. World Psychiatry 2002; 1(3): 153-154.
    Managing the psychiatric morbidity of disasters

  14. McFarlane, AC. Phenomenology of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder. In: Stein DJ, Hollander E, editors. Textbook of Anxiety Disorders. American Psychiatric Press, 2002: 359-371. 
    https://digital.library.adelaide.edu.au/dspace/handle/2440/33030

  15. McFarlane AC. Posttraumatic stress disorder: the intersection of epidemiology and individual psychobiological adaptation. Current Opinion in Psychiatry 2003; 16: 57-63.
    http://journals.lww.com/co-psychiatry/Abstract/2003/01000/Posttraumatic_stress_disorder__the_intersection_of.12.aspx

  16. McFarlane AC. Relevance of Traumatic Stress to Serious Mental Illness. Contemporary Clinical Challenges in Psychiatry. Pfizer Neuroscience, 2002: 11-14.

  17. McFarlane AC. Treatment Adherence: The Central Role of Traumatic Attachment. Directions in Psychiatry Forum. Tasmania: Orielton Partnership, 2002; 9: 23-2.

  18. McFarlane AC, Golier J, Yehuda R. Treatment Planning for the Trauma Survivors with PTSD. In: Yehuda R, editor. Washington DC: American Psychiatric Publishing, 2002: 1-19.

  19. McFarlane AC, Yehuda R, Clark CR. Biologic models of traumatic memories and post-traumatic stress disorder: the role of neural networks. Psychiatric Clinics of North America 2002; 25: 253-270.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0193-953X(01)00008-9

  20. Shaw K, McFarlane AC, Bookless C, Air T. The Aetiology of Postpsychotic Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Following a Psychotic Episode. JTS 2002; 15(1): 39-47.
    http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1023/A:1014331211311/abstract

  21. Shaw, ME, Strother, SC, McFarlane, AC, Morris, P, Anderson, J, Clark, CR, Egan, GF Abnormal Functional Connectivity in Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder. Neuroimage, 2002, 15, 661-674.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1006/nimg.2001.1024

  22. Cao H, McFarlane AC, Klimidis S. Prevalence of Psychiatric Disorder Following the 1988 Yun Nan (China) Earthquake. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology 2003; 38: 204-212.
    http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00127-003-0619-2

  23. Chan AOM, Air TM, McFarlane ACPosttraumatic Stress Disorder and its Impact on the Economic and Health Costs of Motor Vehicle Accidents in South Australia. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry 2003; 64(2): 175-181.
    Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and its Impact on the Economic and Health Costs of Motor Vehicle Accidents in
    South Australia

  24. Clark CR, McFarlane AC, Morris P, Weber DL, Sonkilla C, Shaw M, Marcina J, Tochon-Danguy HJ, Egan GF. Cerebral Function in Posttraumatic Stress Disorder during Verbal Working Memory Updating: A Positron Emission Tomography Study. Biological Psychiatry 2003; 53: 474-481.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0006-3223(02)01505-6

  25. McFarlane AC. Debriefing: Care and Sympathy are not Enough – Psychological first aid after traumatic events does not prevent later psychological disorders. Medical Journal of Australia 2003; 178: 533-534.
    https://www-mja-com-au.proxy.library.adelaide.edu.au/journal/2003/179/3/debriefing-care-and-sympathy-are-not-enough

  26. McFarlane AC. Early reactions to traumatic events. The diversity of diagnostic formulations. In: Orner R, Schnyder U, editors. Reconstructing early intervention after trauma: Innovations in the care of survivors. Oxford University Press, 2003: 45-65.

  27. McFarlane AC. Military Mental Health in the 21st Century. ADF Health: Journal of the Australian Defence Health Service 2003; 4: 1-2. http://www.defence.gov.au/health/infocentre/journals/ADFHJ_apr03/ADFHealth_4_1_01-02.html

  28. Weber DL, Clark CR, McFarlane AC, Morris P, Egan G. Abnormal Stimulus Evaluation in Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). Aust Journal of Psychology 2003; 55: 29-30.

  29. Weber D, Clark CR, McFarlane AC, Morris P, Egan G. Selective attention and stimulus evaluation in posttraumatic stress disorder. Neuroimage 2003; 19(2): S638.

  30. Forbes AB, McKenzie DP, Mackinnon AJ, Kelsall HL, McFarlane AC, Ikin JF, Glass DC, Sim MR. The health of Australian veterans of the 1991 Gulf War: factor analysis of self-reported symptoms. Occupational and Environmental Medicine 2004; 61: 1014-1020.http://oem.bmj.com/content/61/12/1014.short

  31. Galletly CA, McFarlane AC, Clark R. Clozapine improves cerebral indices of working memory function in schizophrenia. International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology 2004; 15: 601-608.

  32. Ikin J, Sim M, McKenzie D, Forbes A, Creamer M, McFarlane A, Sim M, Kelsall H, Glass D, Abramson M, Ittak P, Horsley K, Harrex W, Dwyer T, Blizzard L, Delaney K, Schwarz H, McNeil. War-related psychological stressors and risk of Psychological Disorders in Australian veterans of the 1991 Gulf War. British Journal of Psychiatry 2004; 185(03-517/1-11): 116-126. http://bjp.rcpsych.org/content/185/2/116.short

  33. McFarlane AC. Assessing PTSD and Comorbidity: Issues in Differential Diagnosis. In Wilson JP, Drozdek B, editors. Broken Spirits: The treatment of Traumatized Asylum Seekers, Refugees, War and Torture Victims. Guilford Publications, 2004: 81-103. Assessing PTSD and Comorbidity: Issues in Differential Diagnosis

  34. McFarlane A. The contribution of epidemiology to the study of traumatic stress. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology 2004; 39(11): 874-882. http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00127-004-0870-1

  35. McFarlane AC. The relationship between personality and posttraumatic stress disorder. Personality and PTSD. In: Strelau J, Klonowicz T, editors. People Under Extreme Stress. Nova Science Publishers, 2004: 5-16.
    https://hekyll.services.adelaide.edu.au/dspace/handle/2440/35782

  36. McKenzie D, Ikin J, McFarlane AC, Creamer M, Forbes A, Kelsall H, Glass D, Ittak P, Sim M. Psychological Health of Australian Veterans of the 1991 Gulf War: An assessment using the SF-12, GHQ-12 and PCL-S. Psychological Medicine 2004; 34: 1419-1430. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0033291704002818

  37. Weber DL, Clark CR, McFarlane AC, Moores K, Morris P, Egan GF. Abnormal frontal and parietal activity during working memory updating in post-traumatic stress disorder. Psychiatry Research 2004; 140(1): 27-44.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pscychresns.2005.07.003

  38. Creamer M, Carboon I, Forbes AB, McKenzie DP, McFarlane AC, Kelsall HL, Sim MR. Psychiatric Disorder and Separation from Military Service: a 10 year retrospective study. Research funded by the Australian Government – Department of Veterans Affairs and the Australian Defence Force 2005.
    http://ajp.psychiatryonline.org/doi/pdf/10.1176/ajp.2006.163.4.733

  39. Creamer M, McFarlane AC, Burgess P. Psychopathology following trauma: the role of subjective experience. Affective Disorder 2005, 86(2-3): 175-82. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2005.01.015

  40. Ikin JF, McKenzie DP, Creamer MC, McFarlane AC, Kelsall HL, Glass DC, Forbes AB, Horsley KWA, Harrex WK, Sim MR. War Zone Stress Without Direct Combat: The Australian Naval Experience of the Gulf War. Journal of Traumatic Stress 2005; 18: 193-204. War Zone Stress Without Direct Combat: The Australian Naval Experience of the Gulf War

  41. McFarlane ACMental Health Services Required after Disaster: Learning from the Lasting Effects of Disasters. Japanese Bulleting of Traumatic Stress Studies 2005; 1: 11-25. http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/970194

  42. McFarlane ACPsychiatric morbidity following disaster: epidemiology risk factors and protective factors. In: Lopez-Ibor JJ, Christodoulou G, Maj M, Sartorius NS, Okasha A, editors. Disasters and Mental Health 2005: 37-63.
    Psychiatric morbidity following disaster: epidemiology risk factors and protective factors

  43. McFarlane AC, Clark CR, Bryant RA, Williams LM, Niaura R, Paul RD, Hitsman BL, Stroud L, Alexander DM, Gordon E. The impact of early life stress on psychophysiological, personality and behavioural measures in 740 non-clinical subjects. Journal of Integrative Neuroscience 2005; 4(1): 27-40. 
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1142/S0219635205000689

  44. McKenzie D, Mackinnon KH, McFarlane AC, Ikin J, Glass D, Sim M. Symptoms in Australian veterans of the 1991 Gulf War: factor analysis of self-reported symptoms. Occupational and Environmental Medicine 2005; 61: 1014-20.

  45. Veltmeyer MD, Clark CR, McFarlane AC. Felmingham KL, Bryant RA, Gordon E. Integrative Assessment of Brain and Cognitive Function in PTSD. Journal of Integrative Neuroscience 2005; 4(1): 145-159.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1142/S0219635205000719

  46. Benight CC, McFarlane AC, Norris FH. Formulating Questions about Post-disaster Mental Health. In: Norris FH, Galea S, Friedman MJ, Watson PJ, editors. Methods for Disaster Mental Health Research 2006: 62-77.
    Formulating Questions about Post-disaster Mental Health

  47. Cohen RA, Grieve S, Hoth K, Paul RH, Sweet L, Tate D, Gunstad J, Stroud L, McCaffrey J, Hitsman B, Niaura R, Clark R, McFarlane A, Bryant R, Gordon E, Williams LM. Early Life Stress and Morphometry of the Adult Anterior Cingulate Cortex and Caudate Nuclei. Biological Psychiatry 2006; 59(1): 975-982.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biopsych.2005.12.016

  48. Creamer M, Carboon I, Forbes A, McKenzie D, McFarlane A, Kelsall H, Sim M. Psychiatric Disorder and Separation From Military Service: A 10-Year Retrospective Study. American Journal of Psychiatry 2006; 163: 733-734. http://ajp.psychiatryonline.org/doi/pdf/10.1176/ajp.2006.163.4.733

  49. Foa EB, Stein DJ, McFarlane ACSymptomatology and Psychopathology of Mental Health Problems After Disaster. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry 2006; 67: 15-25. 
    http://66.199.228.237/boundary/addiction/boundary/CRF_HIGH_IN_PTSD_CORTISOL_LOW.pdf

  50. Jonathon R, Davidson MD, McFarlane ACThe Extent and Impact of Mental Health Problems After Disaster. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry 2006; 67: 9-14. 
    http://www.breathofhopefoundation.org/articles/v67s0202_Impact.pdf

  51. Kelsall H, Sim M, McKenzie D, Forbes A, Leder K, Glass D, Ikin J, McFarlane A. Medically evaluated psychological and physical health of Australian Gulf War veterans with chronic fatigue. Journal of Psychosomatic Research 2006; 60: 575-584.http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpsychores.2006.04.002

  52. McFarlane ACThe Relationship between personality and posttraumatic stress disorder. In: Strelau J, Klonowicz T, editors. People Under Extreme Stress 2006: 1-14. 
    https://hekyll.services.adelaide.edu.au/dspace/handle/2440/35782

  53. McFarlane AC, Creamer M. Current knowledge about psychological trauma: a response to Milton. Journal of the Australian Defence Health Service 2006; 7: 78-82.

  54. McFarlane AC, Norris FH. Definitions and Concepts in Disaster Research. In: Norris FH, Galea S, Friedman MJ, Watson PJ, editors. Methods for Disaster Mental Health Research 2006: 3-19.
    Definitions and Concepts in Disaster Research

  55. McFarlane A, Schrader G, Bookless C, Browne D. Prevalence of victimization, posttraumatic stress disorder and violent behaviour in the seriously mentally ill. Australian & New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry 2006; 40(11/12): 1010-1015. http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/j.1440-1614.2006.01925.x

  56. McKenzie DP, McFarlane AC, DP, Creamer MC, Ikin JF, Forbes AB, Kelsall HL, Clarke D, Glass DC, Ittak P, Sim MR. Hazardous or harmful alcohol use in Royal Australian Navy Veterans of the 1991 Gulf War: Identification of high risk subgroups. Addictive Behaviours 2006; 31(9): 1683-1694. 
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.addbeh.2005.12.027

  57. Veltmeyer MD, McFarlane AC, Bryant RA, Mayo T, Gordon E, Clark RC. Integrative Assessment of Brain function in PTSD: Brain Stability and Working Memory. Journal of Integrative Neuroscience 2006; 5(1): 123-138.
    http://www.worldscientific.com/doi/abs/10.1142/S0219635206001057

  58. McFarlane AC. Stress-related musculoskeletal pain. Best Practice & Research. Clinical Rheumatology 2007; 21(3): 549-65. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.berh.2007.03.008

  59. McFarlane ACTrauma and its effects. In: Bloch S, Singh B, editors. Foundations of Clinical Psychiatry. 3rd ed. Melbourne University Press, 2007: 164-175.Trauma and its effects

  60. McFarlane AC, Bryant RA. Post-traumatic stress disorder in occupational settings: anticipating and managing the risk. Occup Med (Lond) 2007; 57(6): 404-10. http://occmed.oxfordjournals.org/content/57/6/404.short

  61. Silove D, Steel Z, Bauman A, Chey T, McFarlane ATrauma, PTSD and the longer-term mental health burden amongst Vietnamese refugees: A comparison with the Australian-born population. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology 2007, 42(6): 467-76. http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00127-007-0194-z

  62. Treloar S, McFarlane AC, Ellis N. Initiating an Australian Deployment Health Surveillance Program. Journal of Military and Veterans Health 2007; 16: 6-7.
    https://search.informit.com.au/documentSummary;dn=511878707428301;res=IELHEA

  63. Barton CA, Dobson A, Treloar SA, McClintock C, McFarlane ACThe Deployment Health Surveillance Program: Vision and Challenges of Health Surveillance for Australian Military Cohorts. Australian and New Zealand journal of Public Health 2008; 32(6): 529-534.
    http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1753-6405.2008.00304.x/full

  64. Brooks R, Bryant RA, Silove D, Creamer M, O'Donnell ML, McFarlane ACA Confirmatory Factor Analysis of Acute Stress Disorder. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 2008; 21(3); 352-355.
    http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/jts.20333/abstract

  65. Bryant RA, Creamer M., O'Donnell ML, Silove D, McFarlane AC. A multi-site study of the capacity of acute stress disorder diagnosis to predict posttraumatic stress disorder. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 2008; 69: 923-929
    A multi-site study of the capacity of acute stress disorder diagnosis to predict posttraumatic stress disorder

  66. Bryant RA, Creamer M, O'Donnell ML, Silove D, McFarlane ACA Multi-site Study of Initial Respiration Rate and Heart Rate as Predictors of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry 2008; 69(11): 1694-1701.
    http://www.psychiatrist.com/jcp/article/Pages/2008/v69n11/v69n1104.aspx

  67. Falconer Em, Felmingham KL, Allen A, Clark CR, McFarlane AC, Williams LM. Developing an Integrated Brain, Behavior and Biological Response Profile in Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). Journal of Integrative Neuroscience; 7(3): 439-456. http://dx.doi.org/10.1142/S0219635208001873

  68. Galletly CA, McFarlane AC, Clark R. Differentiating Cortical Patterns of Cognitive Dysfunction in Schizophrenia and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder. Psychiatry Research 2008; 159: 196-206.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2007.04.001

  69. O’Donnell M, Creamer M, Elliott P, Bryant RA, Holmes A, Ellen S, Judson R, Kossman T, McFarlane AC, Silove D. A Predictive Screening Index for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and Depression Following Traumatic Injury. The Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 2008; 76(6); 923-932. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/a0012918

  70. McFarlane AC. Predictors of Post-traumatic Stress Disorder After Major Injury. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Surgery 2008; 78: 533-534. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1445-2197.2008.04566.x/abstract

  71. McFarlane, AC. The Transitions from Military Life. In: Arthur N, Pedersen J, editors. Case Incidents in Counselling for International Transitions. American Counselling Association, 2008.
    http://www.counseling.org/publications/frontmatter/72862-fm.pdf

  72. McFarlane AC, McKenzie DP, Van Hooff M, Browne D. Somatic and Psychological Dimensions of Screening for Psychiatric Morbidity: A Community Validation of the SPHERE Questionnaire. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 2008; 65: 337-345. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18805243

  73. Moores KA, Clark CR, McFarlane AC, Brown GC, Puce A, & Taylor JD. Abnormal recruitment of working memory updating networks during maintenance of trauma-neural information in post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Psychiatry Research: Neuroimaging, 2008; 163; 156-170. 
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pscychresns.2007.08.011

  74. Bisson JI, McFarlane AC, Rose S, Ruzek JI, Watson PJ. Psychological Debriefing for Adults. In: Foa EB, Keane TM, ZFriedman MJ, Cohen JA, editors. Effective Treatments for PTSD: Practive Guidelines From the International Society for Traumatic Stress Studies. The Guilford Publications, 2009: 83-105.
    Psychological Debriefing for Adults

  75. Brooks R, Bryant RA, Silove D, Creamer M, O'Donnell M, McFarlane AC, Marmar CR. The Latent Structure of the Pertitraumatic Dissociative Expereinces Questionnaire. Journal of Traumatic Stress 2009; 22(2): 153-157.
    http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/jts.20414/abstract

  76. Broomhall LGJ, Clark CR, McFarlane AC, O'Donnell M, Bryant R, Creamer M, Silove D. Early Stage Assessment and Course of Acute Stress Disorder After Mild Traumatic Brain Injury. The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease 2009; 197(3): 178-181. 
    http://journals.lww.com/jonmd/Abstract/2009/03000/Early_Stage_Assessment_and_Course_of_Acute_Stress.6.aspx

  77. Bryant RA, Creamer M, O'Donnell M, Silove D, Clark CR, McFarlane AC. Post-Traumatic Amnesia and the Nature of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder After Mild Traumatic Brain Injury. Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society 2009; 15: 862-867. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1355617709990671

  78. Bryant RA, Creamer M, O'Donnell M, Silove D, McFarlane AC. A Study of the Protective Function of Acute Morphine Administration on Subsequent Posttraumatic Stress Disorder. Biological Psychiatry 2009; 65: 438-440. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biopsych.2008.10.032

  79. Carboon I, Creamer M, Forbes AB, McKenzie DP, McFarlane AC, Melsall HL. The Relationship Between Deployment and Turnover in Australian Navy Personnel. Military Psychology 2009; 21: 233-240.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08995600802574647

  80. Clark CR, Gallety CA, Ash DJ, Moores KA, Penrose RA, McFarlane ACEvidence-Based Medicine Evaluation of Electrophysiological Studies of the Anxiety Disorders. Clinical EEG and Neuroscience 2009; 40(2): 84-112.
    http://eeg.sagepub.com/content/40/2/84.short

  81. Creamer M, O'Donnell ML, Carbon I, Lewis V, Densley K, McFarlane AC, Silove D, Bryant RA. Evaluation of the Dispositional Hope Scale in Injury Survivors. Journal of Research in Personality 2009; 43: 613-617.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jrp.2009.03.002

  82. Devilly GJ, McFarlane AC. When Wait Lists are Not Feasible, Nothing is a Thing that Does Not Need to be Done. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 2009; 77(6): 1159-1168. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/a0016878

  83. Kemp AH, Hopkinson PJ, Hermens DF, Rowe DL, Sumich AL, Clark CR, Drinkenburg W, Abdi N, Penrose R, McFarlane AC, Boyce P, Gordon E, Williams LM. Fronto-Temporal Alterations Within the First 200ms Durning an Attentional Task Distinguish Major Depression, Non-Clinical participants with Depressed Mood and Healthy Controls: A Potential Biomarker? Human Brain Mapping 2009; 30: 602-614.
    http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/hbm.20528/full

  84. Kenny LM, Bryant RA, Silove D, Creamer M, O'Donnell M, McFarlane AC. Distant Memories: A Prospective Study of Vantage Point of Trauma Memories. Psychological Science 2009; 20(9); 1049-1052
    http://pss.sagepub.com/content/20/9/1049.short 

  85. McGuire A, Waller M, Loos C, McClintock C, McFarlane AC, Nielsen L, Treloar S, Dobson A, D'Este C. Self-reported Indicators of Psychological Health. Psychiatric Annals Online 2009; 39(2):
    http://www.healio.com/journals/psycann/2009-2-39-2/%7Bc94aa93a-efd7-4178-bd56-393bf84c2a02%7D/self-reported-indicators-of-psychological-health

  86. McFarlane AC. The Duration of Deployment and Sensitization to Stress. Psychiatric Annals Online 2009; 39(2): 81-88. http://www.healio.com/journals/psycann/2009-2-39-2/%7B2aab85a3-0852-46aa-b3b7-4f21e534d213%7D/the-duration-of-deployment-and-sensitization-to-stress

  87. McFarlane AC. Military Deployment: The Impact on Children and Family Adjustment and the Need for Care. Current Opinion in Psychiatry 2009; 22: 369-373. 
    http://journals.lww.com/co-psychiatry/Abstract/2009/07000/Military_deployment__the_impact_on_children_and.7.aspx

  88. McFarlane AC, Browne D, Bryant RA, O'Donnell M, Silove D, Creamer M, Hursely K. A Longitudinal Analysis of Alcohol Consumption and the Risk of Posttraumatic Symptoms. Journal of Affective Disorders 2009; 118: 166-172. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2009.01.017

  89. McFarlane AC, Hinton D. Ethnocultural Issues. In: Nutt DJ, Stein MB, Zohar J, editors. Post Traumatic Stress Disorder: Diagnosis, Management and Treatment. 2nd ed. London: Informa; 2009, pp.163-175.

  90. McFarlane AC, Ellis N, Barton CA, Browne D, Van Hooff M. The Conundrum of Medically unexplained Symptoms: Questions to Consider. Psychosomatics 2008; 49; 369-377. http://dx.doi.org/10.1176/appi.psy.49.5.369

  91. Farlane AC, Raphael B. After the Fires: Looking to the Future Using the Lessons of the Past. Medical Journal of Australia 2009; 190(6): 291-292. 
    https://www.mja.com.au/system/files/issues/190_06_160309/mcf10142_fm.pdf

  92. McFarlane AC, Van Hooff M, Goodhew F. Anxiety Disorders and PTSD. In: Neria Y, Galea S, Norris F, editors.  Mental Health and Disasters.  New York: Cambridge University Press; 2009 p47-66.
    Anxiety Disorders and PTSD

  93. McFarlane AC, Van Hooff M. Impact of Childhood Exposure to a Natural Disaster on Adult Mental Health: 20-Year Longitudinal Follow-Up Study. The British Journal of Psychiatry 2009; 195: 142-148.
    http://bjp.rcpsych.org/content/195/2/142.short

  94. McFarlane AC, Williamson P, Barton CA. The Impact of Traumatic Stressors in Civilian Occupational Settings. Journal of Public Health Policy 2009; 30(3): 311-327. http://link.springer.com/article/10.1057/jphp.2009.21

  95. Metzger LJ, Clark CR, McFarlane AC, Veltmeyer MD, Lako NB, Paige SR, Pitman RK, Orr SP. Event-Related Potentials to Auditory Stimuli in Monozygotic Twins Discordant for Combat: Association with PTSD. Psychophysiology 2009; 46: 172-178. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1469-8986.2008.00720.x/full

  96. O’Donnell ML, Creamer M, Elliott P, Bryant R, McFarlane AC, Silove D. Prior Trauma and Psychiatric History as Risk Factors For Intentional And Unintentional Injury In Australia. Journal of Trauma, Injury, Infection and Critical Care 2009; 66(2): 470-6. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1469-8986.2008.00720.x/full

  97. O'Donnell ML, Holmes AC, Creamer MC, Ellen  S, Judson R, McFarlane AC, Silove DM, Bryant RA. The Role of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder and Depression in Predicting Disability After Injury. Medical Journal of Australia 2009 Supplement; 190(7): 71-74.
    https://www.mja.com.au/journal/2009/190/7/role-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-and-depression-predicting-disability-after?inline=true

  98. Peres JFP, McFarlane AC, Nasello AG, Moores KA. Traumatic Memories: Bridging the Gap Between Functional Neuroimaging and Psychotherapy. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry 2008; 42(6); 478-488.
    http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/00048670802050561

  99. Shankman SA, Silverstein SM, Williams LM,  Hopkinson PJ, Kemp AH, Felmingham KL, Bryant RA, McFarlane AC, Clark RC. Resting Electroencephalogram Asymmetry and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder. Journal of Traumatic Stress 2008; 21(2): 190-198. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/jts.20319/abstract

  100. Shaw ME, Moores KA, Clark CR, McFarlane AC, Strother SC, Bryant RA, Brown GC, Taylor JD. Functional Connectivity Reveals Inefficient Working memory Systems in Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder. Psychiatry Research: Neuroimaging 2009; 172: 235-241.http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pscychresns.2008.07.014

  101. Van Hooff M, McFarlane AC, Baur J, Abraham M, Barnes DJ. The Stressor Criterion-A1 and PTSD: A Matter of Opinion. Journal of Anxiety Disorders 2009; 23: 77-86. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.janxdis.2008.04.001

  102. Veltmeyer MD, Clark CR, McFarlane AC, Moores KA, Bryant RA, Gordon E. Working Memory Function in Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder: An Event-Related Potential Study. Clinical Neurophysiology 2009; 120: 1096-1106.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clinph.2009.03.024

  103. Wise V, McFarlane AC, Clark CR, Battersby M. Event-Related potential and Autonomic Signs of Maladaptive Information Processing During an Auditory Oddball task in Panic Disorder. International Journal of Psychophysiology 2009; 74: 34-44. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijpsycho.2009.07.001

  104. Barton C, McGuire A, Waller M, Treloar S, McClintock C, Dobson A, McFarlane A, D'Este C. Smoking Prevalence, its Determinants and Short Term Health Implications in the Australian Defence Force. Military Medicine 2010; 175(4): 267-272. http://dx.doi.org/10.7205/MILMED-D-09-00287

  105. Bryant RA, Creamer M, O'Donnell M, Silove D, McFarlane AC. Sleep Disturbance Immediately Prior to Trauma Predicts Subsequent Psychiatric Disorder. Sleep 2010; 33(1): 69-74.
    Sleep Disturbance Immediately Prior to Trauma Predicts Subsequent Psychiatric Disorder

  106. Bryant RA, O'Donnell ML, Creamer M, McFarlane AC, Clark CR, Silove D. The Psychiatric Sequaelae of Traumatic Injury. American Journal of Psychiatry 2010; 167: 312-320. 
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1176/appi.ajp.2009.09050617

  107. Daniels JK, McFarlane AC, Bluhm RL, Moores KA, Clark CR, Shaw ME et al. Switching Between Executive and Default Mode Networks in Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: Alterations in Functional Connectivity. Journal of Psychiarty  & Neuroscience 2010; 35(4): 258-266.
    http://search.proquest.com/openview/d234ac2e1d2748684bccf4e6595b6e87/1?pq-origsite=gscholar

  108. Davidson J, Zhang W, Connor K, Ji J, Jobson K, Lecrubier Y, McFarlane A, Newport D, Nutt D, Osser D, Stein D, Stowe Z, Tajima O, Versiani M. A psychopharmacological treatment algorithm for generalised anxiety disorder (GAD). J Psychopharmacol. 2010; 24(1): 3-26. http://jop.sagepub.com/content/24/1/3.short

  109. Forbes D, Parslow R, Creamer M, O'Donnell M, Bryant R, McFarlane A, Silove D, Shalev A.  A Longitudinal Analysis of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Symptoms and their Relationship with Fear and Anxious-Misery Disorders: Implications for DSM-V. Journal of Affective Disorders 2010; 127(1-3): 147-52.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2010.05.005

  110. Gilbertson MW, McFarlane AC, Weathers FW, Keane TM, Yehuda R, Shalev AY, Lasko NB, Goetz JM, Pitman RK. Is Trauma a Casual Agent of Psycholopathologic Symptoms in Posttraumatic Stress Disorder?  Findings from Identical Twins Discordant for Combat Exposure. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry 2010; 71(10): 1324-1330.
    http://www.psychiatrist.com/JCP/article/Pages/2010/v71n10/v71n1008.aspx

  111. Kemp AH, Pe Bonito L, Quintana DS, Clark CR, McFarlane A, Mayur P, Harris A, Boyce P, Williams LM.  Impact of Depression Heterogeneity on Attention: An Auditory Odball Event  Related Potential Study.  Journal of Affective Disorders 2010; 123(1-3): 202-207. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2009.08.010

  112. Lanius RA, Brewin CR, Bremner JD, Daniels JK, Friedman MJ, Liberzon I, McFarlane A, Schnurr PP, Shin L, Stein M, Vermetten E. Does neuroimaging research examining the pathophysiology of posttraumatic stress disorder require medication-free patients? J Psychiatry Neurosci. 2010; 35(2): 80-9.
    http://search.proquest.com/openview/2efcdff087e1e47e93802ffdafce76c2/1?pq-origsite=gscholar

  113. Liedl A, O'Donnell M, Creamer M, Silove D, McFarlane A, Knaevelsrud C, et al.  Support for the Mutual Maintenance of Pain and Post-traumatic Stress Disorder Symptoms. Psychological Medicine 2010; 40(7): 1215-23. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0033291709991310

  114. McFarlane AC. The long-term costs of traumatic stress: Intertwined physical and psychological consequences. World Psychiatry. 2010; 9(1): 3-10. 
    http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/j.2051-5545.2010.tb00254.x/full

  115. McFarlane AC. The Delayed and Cumulative Consequences of Traumatic Stress: Challenges and Issues in Compensation Settings. Psychology, Injury and Law 2010; 3(2):100-110.
    http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s12207-010-9074-z

  116. McFarlane AC, Barton CA, Briggs N, Kennaway DJ. The Relationship Between Urinary Melatonin Metabolite Excretion and Posttraumatic Symptoms Following Traumatic Injury.  Journal of Affective Disorders 2010; 127(1-3): 365-9. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2010.05.002

  117. McKenzie DP, Creamer M, Kelsall HL, Forbes AB, Ikin JF, Sim MR, McFarlane AC Temporal Relationships Between Gulf War Deployment and Subsequent Psychological Disorders in Royal Australian Navy Gulf War Veterans. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology 2010; 45(9): 843-52.
    http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00127-009-0134-1

  118. O'Donnell ML, Creamer M, Holmes AC, Ellen S, McFarlane AC, Judson R, Silove D, Bryant RA.  Posttraumatic Stress Disorder After Injury: Does Admission to Intensive Care Unit Increase Risk?  Journal of Trauma 2010; 69(3): 627-32. 
    http://journals.lww.com/jtrauma/Abstract/2010/09000/Posttraumatic_Stress_Disorder_After_Injury__Does.24.aspx

  119. O'Donnell ML, Creamer M, McFarlane AC, Silove D, Bryant RA.  Should A2 be a Diagnostic Requirement for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in DSV-V? Psychiatric Research 2010; 176(2-3)257-260.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2009.05.012

  120. O'Donnell ML, Creamer MC, McFarlane AC, Silove D, Bryant RA. Does Access to Compensation Have an Impact on Recovery Outcomes After Injury? Medical Journal of Australia 2010; 192(6): 328-33.
    https://www.mja.com.au/journal/2010/192/6/does-access-compensation-have-impact-recovery-outcomes-after-injury

  121. Bleier J, McFarlane AC, McGuire A, Treloar S, Waller M, Dobson A, Risk of adverse health outcomes associated with frequency and duration of deployment with the Australian Defence Force. Military Medicine, 2011; 176(2):139-146(8). http://dx.doi.org/10.7205/MILMED-D-10-00241

  122. McFarlane AC, Barton CA, Yehuda R, Wittert G, Cortisol response to acute trauma and risk of posttraumatic stress disorder. Psycho neuroendocrinology, 2011;36(10):1587. 
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.psyneuen.2010.10.007

  123. Bluhm RL, Clark CR, McFarlane AC, Moores K, Shaw M, Lanius R, Default network connectivity during a working memory task. Human Brain Mapping, 2011;32(7):1029-1035.
    http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/hbm.21090/full

  124. Bryant RA, Brooks R, Silove D, Creamer M, O’Donnell M, McFarlane AC, Peritraumatic dissociation mediates the relationship between acute panic and chronic posttraumatic stress disorder. Behavioural Research and Therapy, 49(5):346-351. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.brat.2011.03.003

  125. Bryant RA, Creamer M, O’Donnell M, Silove D, McFarlane AC. Heart rate after trauma and the specificity of fear circuitry disorders. Psychological Medicine, 2011;41(12):2573-2580.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0033291711000948

  126. Bryant RA, Felmingham KL, Silove S, Creamer M, O’Donnell M, McFarlane AC. The association between menstrual cycle and traumatic memories. Journal of Affective Disorders, 2011;131(1-3):398-401.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2010.10.049

  127. Bryant RA, O'Donnell ML, Creamer M, McFarlane AC, Silove D. Posttraumatic intrusive symptoms across psychiatric disorders. Journal of Psychiatric Research, 2011;45(6):842-847.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpsychires.2010.11.012

  128. Forbes D, Fletcher S, Lockwood E, O'Donnell M, Creamer M, Bryant RA, McFarlane A, Silove D. Requiring both avoidance and emotional numbing in DSM-V PTSD: Will it help? Journal of Affective Disorders, 2011;130(3): 483-486. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2010.10.032

  129. Forbes D, Lockwood EL, Elhai JD, Creamer M, O'Donnell M, Bryant RA, McFarlane A, Silove D. An examination of the structure of posttraumatic stress disorder in relation to the anxiety and depressive disorders. Journal of Affective Disorders. 2011;132(1-2):165-172. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2011.02.011

  130. Galletly CA, McFarlane AC, Van Hooff M, Psychotic Symptoms in Young Adults Exposed to Childhood Trauma - A 20 year follow-up study. Schizophrenia Research. 2011; 127(1-3):76-82.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.schres.2010.12.010

  131. McFarlane A, Barton C, Yehuda R, Wittert G, Cortisol response to a motor vehicle accident and risk of posttraumatic stress disorder. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 2011;36(5):720-727.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.psyneuen.2010.10.007

  132. Mills KL, McFarlane AC, Slade T, Creamer M, Silove D, Teesson M, Bryant R. Assessing the prevalence of trauma exposure in epidemiological surveys. Australian & New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 2011;45(5):407-415.
    http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.3109/00048674.2010.543654

  133. Rees S, Silove D, Chey T, Ivancic L, Steel Z, Creamer M, Teesson M, Bryant R, McFarlane AC, Mills KL. Lifetime prevalence of gender-based violence in women and the relationship with mental disorders and psychosocial function. JAMA, 2011;306(5):513-521. http://jama.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?articleid=1104177

  134. Wise V, McFarlane AC, Clark CR, Battersby M. An integrative assessment of brain and body function 'at rest' in panic disorder: A combined quantitative EEG/autonomic function study. International Journal of Psychophysiology, 2011;79(2):155-165. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijpsycho.2010.10.002

  135. Bryant RA, Creamer M, O'Donnell M, Silove D, McFarlane AC. The capacity of acute stress disorder to predict posttraumatic psychiatric disorders. Journal of Psychiatric Research, 2012;46(2):168-173.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpsychires.2011.10.007

  136. Chapman C, Mills K, Slade T, McFarlane AC, Bryant RA, Creamer M, Silove D, Teesson M. Remission from post-traumatic stress disorder in the general population. Psychological Medicine, 2012;42(8):1695-1703.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0033291711002856

  137. McFarlane A, Bryant R. Genes, Biology, Mental Health and Human Rights: The Effects of Traumatic Stress as a Case Example. In: Dudley M, Silove D, Gale F, editors. Mental Health and Human Rights: Oxford University Press; 2012. http://oxfordmedicine.com/view/10.1093/med/9780199213962.001.0001/med-9780199213962-chapter-006

  138. McFarlane AC, Williams R. Mental health services required after disasters: learning from the lasting effects of disasters. Depression Reseasrch & Treatment, 2012;2012:970194. http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/970194

  139. Mills V, Van Hooff M, Baur J, McFarlane AC. Predictors of mental health service utilisation in a non-treatment seeking epidemiological sample of Australian adults. Community Mental Health Journal, 2012;48(4):511-21.
    http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10597-011-9439-0

  140. Waller M, Treloar SA, Sim MR, McFarlane AC, McGuire AC, Bleier J, Dobson AJ. Traumatic events, other operational stressors and physical and mental health reported by Australian Defence Force personnel following peacekeeping and war-like deployments. BMC Psychiatry, 2012;12:88.
    http://bmcpsychiatry.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1471-244X-12-88

  141. McFarlane AC. Health surveillance of deployed military personnel occasionally leads to unexpected findings. BMC Medicine, 2012 Oct 24;10:126. http://bmcmedicine.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1741-7015-10-126

  142. Yehuda R, Vermetten E, McFarlane A. Understanding depression as it occurs in the context of post-traumatic stress disorder. Depression Research & Treatment, 2012;2012:178261.
    Understanding depression as it occurs in the context of post-traumatic stress disorder

  143. McFarlane AC. The Occupational Implication of the Prolonged Effects of Repeated Exposure to Trauamtic Stress. International Handbook of Workplace Trauma Support, 2012;121-138.
    http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/9781119943242.ch8/summary

  144. Hall T, Galletly CA, Clark CR, Veltmeyer M, Metzger L, Gilbertson M, Orr SP, Pitman RK, McFarlane A. The Relationship between Hippocampal Asymmetry and Working Memory Processing in Combat-related PTSD: a Monozygotic Twin Study. Biology of Mood & Anxiety Disorders, 2012;2:21.
    http://biolmoodanxietydisord.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/2045-5380-2-21

  145. Galletly C, Clark L, Van Hooff M, McFarlane A. Childhood trauma and subclinical psychotic experiences in young adulthood: a 20-year longitudinal analyses of two cohort studies. Schizophrenia Research, 2012;136:S63-S64. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0920-9964(12)70238-4

  146. Berecki-Gisolf J, McKenzie SJ, Dobson AJ, McFarlane A, McLaughlin D. A History of comorbid depression and anxiety predicts new onset of heart disease. Journal of Behavioural Medicine, 2013;36(4):347-353.
    http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10865-012-9428-y

  147. Forbes D, Fletcher S, Parslow R, Phjelps A, O’Donnell M, Bryant RA, McFarlane A, Silove D, Creamer M. Trauma at the hands of another: longitudinal study of differences in the posttraumatic stress disorder symptom profile following interpersonal compared with noninterpersonal trauma. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 2012;73(3):372-376. https://www.psychiatrist.com/JCP/article/Pages/2012/v73n03/v73n0315.aspx

  148. O’Donnell ML, Varker T, Holmes A.C, Ellen S, Wade D, Creamer M, Silove D, McFarlane A, Bryant RA, Forbes D. Disability after injury: The cumulative burden of physical and mental health. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 2013;72(2):137-143. http://www.psychiatrist.com/jcp/article/Pages/2013/v74n02/v74n0204.aspx

  149. Berryman C, Stanton TR, Jane Bowering K, Tabor A, McFarlane A, Lorimer Moseley G. Evidence for working memory deficits in chronic pain: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Pain 2013, 154;1181-1196.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pain.2013.03.002

  150. McFarlane AC, Searle AK, Van Hooff M, Baghurst PA, Sawyer MG, Galletly C, Sim MR, Clark LS. Prospective associations between childhood low-level lead exposure and adult mental health problems: The Port Pirie cohort study. Neurotoxicology, 2013 Aug 16;39C:11-17. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neuro.2013.08.003

  151. Yehuda R, Neylan TC, Flory JD, McFarlane AC. The use of biomarkers in the military: from theory to practice. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 2013;38(9):1912-1922. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.psyneuen.2013.06.009

  152. Rosenfeld JV, McFarlane AC, Bragge P, Armonda RA, Grimes JB, Ling GS.  Blast-related traumatic brain injury. The Lancet Neurology, 2013;12(9):882-893. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1474-4422(13)70161-3

  153. Bryant RA, O'Donnell ML, Creamer M, McFarlane AC, Silove D. A multisite analysis of the fluctuating course of posttraumatic stress disorder. JAMA Psychiatry, 2013;70(8):839-846.
    http://archpsyc.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?articleID=1698779

  154. Kilpatrick DG, McFarlane AC, Post Traumatic Stress Disorder and the Law, Forensic Considerations. Handbook of PTSD, Science and Practice edited by Friedman, Keane & Resick, October 2013, Chapter 30;540-553.

  155. O'Donnell ML, Varker T, Creamer M, Fletcher S, McFarlane AC, Silove D, Bryant RA, Forbes D. Exploration of delayed-onset posttraumatic stress disorder after severe injury. Psychosom Med. 2013 Jan;75(1):68-75.
    http://journals.lww.com/psychosomaticmedicine/Abstract/2013/01000/Exploration_of_Delayed_Onset_Posttraumatic_Stress.11.aspx

  156. McFarlane AC. Biology not culture explains dissociation in posttraumatic stress disorder.  Biological Psychiatry, 2013:73;296-297.
    Biology not culture explains dissociation in posttraumatic stress disorder

  157. McDonald P, Bryant RA, Silove D, Creamer M, O’Donnell M, McFarlane AC. The expectancy of threat and peritraumatic dissociation. European Journal of Psychotraumatology, 2013 
    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3864163/

  158. McFarlane AC. PTSD and DSM-5: unintended consequences of change. The Lancet Psychology, 2014;1(4):246-247). http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S2215-0366(14)70321-9

  159. Vermetten E, Greenberg N, Boeschoten M, Delahaije R, Jetly R, Castro C, McFarlane A, Deployment-related mental health support: comparative analysis of NATO and allied ISAF partners. European Journal of Psychotraumatology, 2014. http://www.ejpt.net/index.php/ejpt/article/view/23732

  160. O’Donnell M, Alkemade N, Nickerson A, Creamer M, McFarlane A, Silove D, Bryant R, Forbes D, Impact of the diagnostic changes to posttraumatic stress disorder for DSM-5 and the proposed changed to ICD-11. British Journal of Psychiatry, 2014;205(3):230-235. http://bjp.rcpsych.org/content/205/3/230.short

  161. McFarlane A, Van Hooff M, Learning for the future: The challenge of disaster research. Australian & New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 2014;48(7):600-602. http://anp.sagepub.com/content/48/7/600.full

  162. Goodhew F, Van Hooff M, Sparnon A, Roberts R, Baur J, Saccone E, McFarlane A. Psychiatric outcomes amongst adult survivors of childhood burns. Burns 2014. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.burns.2014.04.017

  163. Searle A, Baghurst P, Van Hooff M, Sawyer M, Sim M, Galletly C, Clark L, McFarlane A. Tracing the long-term legacy of childhood lead exposure: A review of three decades of the Port Pirie Cohort study. NeuroToxicology, 2014;43:46-56. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neuro.2014.04.004

  164. Van Hooff M, McFarlane A, Davies C, Searle A, Fairweather-Schmidt K, Verhagen A, Benassi H, Hodson S. PTSD in the Military: Prevalence, Pathophysiology, Treatment. The Australian Defence Force Mental Health Prevalence and Wellbeing Study: design & methods. European Journal of Psychotraumatology, 2014;5.
    http://journals.co-action.net/index.php/ejpt/article/view/23950

  165. Berryman C, Stanton TR, Boweing KJ, Tabor A, McFarlane A, Moseley GL. Do people with chronic pain have impaired executive function? A meta-analytical review. Clinical Psychology Review, 2014:34:563-579.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cpr.2014.08.003

  166. Keage HAD, Muniz G, Kurylowicz L, Van Hooff M, Clark L, Searle AK, Sawyer MG, Baghurst P, McFarlane A. Age 7 Intelligence and paternal education appear best predictors of educational attainment: The Port Pirie Cohort Study. Australian Journal of Psychology, 2014;doi: 10.1111/ajpy .12083
    http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/ajpy.12083/full

  167. Rees S, Steel Z, Creamer M, Teesson M, Bryant R, McFarlane AC, Mills KL, Slade T, Carragher N, O’Donnell M, Forbes D, Silove D. Onset of common mental disorders and suicidal behaviour following women’s first exposure to gender based violence: a retrospective, population-based study. BMC Psychiatry, 2014;14:312.
    http://bmcpsychiatry.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12888-014-0312-x

  168. Nickerson A, Barnes JB, Creamer M, Forbes D, McFarlane AC, O’Donnell M, Silove D, Steel Z, Bryant RA. The temporal relationship between posttraumatic stress disorder and the problems of alcohol use following traumatic injury. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 2014;123(4):821-834. 
    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25286373

  169. Yehuda R, Vermetten E, McFarlane AC, Lehrner A. PTSD in the military: special considerations for understanding prevalence, pathophysiology and treatment following deployment. European Journal of Psychotraumatology, 2014;14:5. http://www.libyanjournalofmedicine.net/index.php/ejpt/article/view/25322

  170. Forbes D, Lockwood E, Phelps A, Wade D, Creamer, Bryant RA, McFarlane A, Silove D, Rees S, Chapman C, Slade T, Mills K, Teesson M, O’Donnell M. Trauma at the hands of another: distinguishing PTSD patters following intimate and nonintimate interpersonal and noninterpersonal trauma in a nationally representative sample. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 2014;75(2):147-153).
    http://www.psychiatrist.com/JCP/article/Pages/2014/v75n02/v75n0210.aspx

  171. Bryant RA, Creamer M, O’Donnell M, McFarlane AC, Silove D. A prospective study of rapid breathing and the development of posttraumatic panic disorder. Psychological Trauma, 2014;6(4):370-374.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/a0034792

  172. McFarlane AC. The psychiatric consequences of physical injury in military personnel: predicting and managing the risk. Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 2015;72(4):241-242.
    http://oem.bmj.com/content/72/4/241.short

  173. Forbes D, Lockwood E, Creamer M, Bryant RA, McFarlane AC, Silove D, Nickerson A, O'Donnell M. Latent structure of the proposed ICD-11 posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms: implications for the diagnostic algorithm. British Journal of Psychiatry, 2015;206(3):245-251. http://bjp.rcpsych.org/content/206/3/245.abstract

  174. McFarlane AC and Van Hooff M. The counterintuitive effect of a disaster: the need for a long-term perspective. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 2015;49(4):313-314.
    http://anp.sagepub.com/content/49/4/313.full

  175. Wright BK, McFarlane AC, Clarke DM, Sim MR, Kelsall HL. Symptom attribution and symptom reporting in Australian Gulf War veterans. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 2015;04:012.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpsychores.2015.04.012

  176. McFarlane AC. One hundred years of lessons about the impact of war on mental health; two steps forward, one step back. Australasian Psychiatry, 2015;23:392-395. http://apy.sagepub.com/content/23/4/392.short

  177. Davy CP, Lorimer M, McFarlane A, Hodson S, Crompvoets S, Lawrence-Wood E, Neuhaus SJ. The Well-Being of Australian Service Mothers. Womens Health, 2015;21:1-17. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03630242.2015.1050541

  178. McFarlane AC, Forbes D. The journey from moral inferiority to post-traumatic stress disorder. Medical Journal of Australia, 2015;202(7):348-349. https://www.mja.com.au/comment/18602

  179. Searle AK, Van Hooff M, McFarlane AC, Davies CE, Fairweather-Schmidt AK, Hodson SE, Benassi H, Steele N. The validity of military screening for mental health problems: diagnostic accuracy of the PCL, K10 and AUDIT scales in an entire military population. International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research,2015;24(1):32-45.
    http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/mpr.1460/full

  180. Forbes D, Lockwood E, Elhai JD, Creamer M, Bryant R, McFarlane A, Silove D, Miller MW, Nickerson A, O'Donnell M. An evaluation of the DSM-5 factor structure for posttraumatic stress disorder in survivors of traumatic injury. Journal of Anxiety Disorder, 2015;29:43-51. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.janxdis.2014.11.004

  181. McFarlane Alexander C. The Duty of Care and Peacekeeping: Mental Health Disorder in the Australian Defense. In: Powles A, Partow N, Nelson N, editors, United Nations Peacekeeping Challenge, The Importance of the Integrated Approach, 2015;13:167-180.

  182. Forbes D, Nickerson A, Alkemade N, Bryant RA, Creamer M, Silove D, McFarlane AC, Van Hooff M, Fletcher SL, O’Donnell ML. Longitudinal analysis of latent classes of psychopathology and patterns of class migration in survivors of severe injury. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 2015 76(9):1193-1199.
    http://www.psychiatrist.com/JCP/article/Pages/2015/v76n09/v76n0927.aspx

  183. Yehuda R, Hoge CW, McFarlane AC, Vermetten E, Lanius RA, Nievergelt CM, Hobfoll SE. Koenen KC, Neylan TC, Hyman SE. Post-traumatic stress disorder. Nature Reviews Disease Primers, 2015;1:1-22.
    http://www.nature.com/articles/nrdp201557

  184. Bennett N, Davy C, Lawrence-Wood E, McFarlane A. The association between inflammatory markers and psychological disorders in veterans and military personnel: a systematic review protocol. JBI Database of Systematic Reviews & Implementation Reports, 2015;13(4):41-50.
    http://journals.lww.com/jbisrir/Citation/2015/13040/The_association_between_inflammatory_markers_and.5.aspx

  185. O’Donnell ML, Grant G, Alkemade N, Spittal M, Creamer M, Silove D, McFarlane A, Bryant RA, Forbes D, Studdert, DM. Compensation seeking and disability after injury: The role of compensation-related stress and mental health. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry,(2015):76, 8, pp. e1000-e1005.
    https://www.psychiatrist.com/JCP/article/Pages/2015/v76n08/v76n0802.aspx

  186. McFarlane AC. The impact of war on mental health: lest we forget. World Psychiatry (2015);14(3):351-353.
    http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/wps.20253/full

  187. Schweininger S, Forbes D, Creamer M, McFarlane A, Silove D, Bryant R, O’Donnell M. The temporal relationship between mental health and disability after injury. Depression and Anxiety, 2015;32(1);64-71.
    http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/da.22288/full

  188. Bryant RA, Nickerson A, Creamer M, O’Donnell M, Forbes D, Galatzer-Levy I, McFarlane AC, Silove D. Trajectory of posttraumatic stress following traumatic injury: a 6-year follow up. British Journal of Psychiatry, 2015;206(5):417-423. http://bjp.rcpsych.org/content/early/2015/01/22/bjp.bp.114.145516.abstract

  189. Bryant RA, Creamer M, O’Donnell M, Silove D, McFarlane AC, Forbes D. A Comparison of the capacity of DSM-IV and DSM-5 acute stress disorder definitions to predict posttraumatic stress disorder and related disorders. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 2015;76(4):391-397.
    http://www.psychiatrist.com/jcp/article/Pages/2015/v76n04/v76n0401.aspx

  190. Lawrence-Wood E, Van Hooff M, Baur J, McFarlane AC. Re-experiencing phenomena following a disaster: The long-term predictive role of intrusion symptoms in the development of post-trauma depression and anxiety. Journal of Affective Disorders, 2016;190:278-281. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2015.10.029

  191. Ikin JF, McKenzie DP, Gwini SM, Kelsall HL, Creamer M, McFarlane AC, Clarke DM, Wright B, Sim M. Major depression and depressive symptoms in Australian Gulf War veterans 20 years after the Gulf War. Journal of Affective Disorders, 2016;189:77-84. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2015.09.016

  192. Gwini SM, Kelsall HL, Sim MR, Ikin JF, McFarlane AC, Forbes AB. Stability of symptom patterns in Australian Gulf War veterans: 10-year longitudinal study. Occupational Environmental Medicine, 2016.
    http://oem.bmj.com/content/73/3/195.short

  193. Forbes D, O’Donnell M, Brand RM, Korn Sm, Creamer M, McFarlane AC, Sim MR, Forbes AB, Hawthorne G. The long-term mental health impact of peacekeeping: prevalence and predictors of psychiatric disorder. British Journal of Psychiatry, 2016;2;32-37. http://bjpo.rcpsych.org/content/2/1/32.abstract

  194. Galletly CA, Clark LS, McFarlane AC, Searle AK, Sawyer MG, Sim MR, Baghurst PA, Van Hooff M. Childhood lead exposure, childhood trauma, substance use and subclinical psychotic experiences – a longitudinal cohort study. Psychological Medicine, 2016;239:54-61. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2016.02.066

  195. Forbes D, Alkemade N, Nickerson A, Bryant RA, Creamer M, Silove D, McFarlane AC, Van Hooff M, Phelps AJ, Rees S, Steele Z, O’Donnell M. Prediction of Late-Onset psychiatric Disorder in Survivors of Severe Injury: Findings of a Latent Transition Analysis. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 2016
    http://europepmc.org/abstract/med/27231841

  196. Bryant RA, McFarlane AC, Silove D, O’Donnell ML, Forbes D, Creamer M. The Lingering Impact of Resolved PTSD on Subsequent Functioning. Clinical Psychological Science, 2016;4:493-498.
    http://cpx.sagepub.com/content/early/2015/08/13/2167702615598756.abstract

  197. Bryant R, O’Donnell M, Forbes D, McFarlane A, Silove D, Creamer M. The course of suicide risk following traumatic injury. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 2016;77(5):648-653. 
    http://www.psychiatrist.com/JCP/article/Pages/2016/v77n05/v77n0520.aspx

  198. O’Donnell ML, Alkemade N, Creamer MC, McFarlane AC, Silove D, Bryant RA, Forbes D. The long-term psychiatric sequelae of severe injury: A 6-year follow-up study. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 2016;77(4):e473-e479. https://www.psychiatrist.com/JCP/article/Pages/2016/v77n04/v77n0413.aspx

  199. McFarlane A. Accountability for the Psychological Costs of Military Service: A Benchmark Set by the Canadian Armed Forces. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 2016;61(1 Suppl):7S-9S.
    http://cpa.sagepub.com/content/61/1_suppl/7S.short

  200. Hoge CW, Yehuda R, Castro CA, McFarlane AC, Vermetten E, Jetly R, Koenen KC, Greenberg N, Shalev AY, Rauch SAM, Marmar CR, Rothbaum BO. Unintended consequences of changing the definition of posttraumatic stress disorder in DSM-5. JAMA Psychiatry, Published Online May 25, 2016.
    http://archpsyc.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?articleid=2524846

Reports

  1. Mental Health Prevalence and Wellbeing Study, Australian Defence Force
    http://www.defence.gov.au/Health/DMH/Docs/MHPWSReport-FullReport.pdf

  2. Searle, A. K., Tran, T., & McFarlane, A. C. (2013). Improving the identification and prediction of mental disorder within ADF mental health screening: Results from the 2010 ADF Mental Health Prevalence and Wellbeing dataset. Report for Joint Health Command, Department of Defence: Canberra.

  3. Searle, A. K., Van Hooff, M., Davies, C., Baur, J., Lorimer, M., Fairweather-Schmidt, A. K., & McFarlane, A. C. (2013). Prevalence of mental health symptoms and psychological outcomes in Australian Defence Force Romans: Results from the 2010 ADF Mental Health Prevalence and Wellbeing dataset. Report for Joint Health Command, Department of Defence: Canberra.

  4. Searle, A. K., Fairweather-Schmidt, A. K., Saccone, E., McFarlane, A. C., Van Hooff, M., Tran, T., Hedges, L., & Lorimer, M. (2013). Detailed associations between deployment and disorder in the Australian Defence Force: Results from the 2010 ADF Mental Health Prevalence and Wellbeing dataset. Report for Joint Health Command, Department of Defence: Canberra.

  5. Van Hooff, M., McFarlane, A. C., Lorimer, M., Saccone, E., Searle, A. K., & Fairweather-Schmidt, A. K. (2012). The prevalence of lifetime trauma exposure in the Australian Defence Force: Results from the 2010 ADF Mental Health Prevalence and Wellbeing dataset. Report for Joint Health Command, Department of Defence: Canberra.

  6. Searle, A. K., Baur, J., Van Hooff, M., Lorimer, M., & McFarlane, A. C. (2012). Aspects of ADF members’ personal relationships, and their associations with demographic and military factors, traumatic events, and psychological disorder: Results from the 2010 ADF Mental Health Prevalence and Wellbeing dataset. Report for Joint Health Command, Department of Defence: Canberra.

  7. Van Hooff, M., Searle, A. K., Tran, T., & McFarlane, A. C. (2012). An initial examination of lifetime ICD-10 disorder in temporal relation to commencement of ADF service and first deployment: Results from the 2010 ADF Mental Health Prevalence and Wellbeing dataset. Report for Joint Health Command, Department of Defence: Canberra.

  8. Fairweather-Schmidt, A. K., Van Hooff, M., & McFarlane, A. (2012). Suicidality in the Australian Defence Force: Results from the 2010 ADF Mental Health Prevalence and Wellbeing Dataset. Report for Joint Health Command, Department of Defence: Canberra.

  9. Searle, A. K., Van Hooff, M., Lorimer, M. & McFarlane, A. C. (2012). Psychological differences between LASER-Resilience study and ADF Mental Health Prevalence and Wellbeing Study (MHPWS) participants. Report for Joint Health Command, Department of Defence: Canberra.

  10. Van Hooff, M., Hodson, S., Lorimer, M., & McFarlane, A. (2012). Stigma and barriers to care in the ADF - a detailed analysis: Results from the 2010 ADF Mental Health Prevalence and Wellbeing Dataset. Report for Joint Health Command, Department of Defence: Canberra.

  11. Van Hooff, M., Baur, J., Davies, C., & McFarlane, A. (2011). Tobacco Use and Nicotine Dependence in the Australian Defence Force: Results from the 2010 ADF Mental Health Prevalence and Wellbeing Dataset. Report for Joint Health Command, Department of Defence: Canberra.

  12. Davy C, Dobson A, Lawrence-Wood E Lorimer M, Moores K, Lawrence A, Horsley K, Crockett A, McFarlane A (2012).  The Middle East Area of Operations (MEAO) Health Study: Prospective Study Summary Report.  The University of Adelaide, Centre for Military and Veterans’ Health, Adelaide, Australia.

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