Physiology is the study of the functions of the body, or how the body works. Consequently, physiology is a scientific discipline of the widest scope and application and is the major scientific foundation of all careers related to human health and physical performance. A knowledge of physiology underpins all advances in biomedical research and discoveries in physiology impact on medicine, agriculture, industry and environmental science.
Exercise Science is a sub-discipline of medical science where the focus of study surrounds understanding the acute and chronic physiological responses to exercise and physical activity. This knowledge can be applied to provision of exercise-based interventions for apparently healthy populations (low-to-moderate risk of developing disease or injury) or work across a variety of sporting, occupational, fitness or hospital settings.